Disaster Management – As we know that there have been many changes in the social and economic sector of the world, the population grew at a rapid pace. There has been a lot of development in the industrial and technical sector. This has made human life more happy and prosperous. But after this many kinds of crises arose on human life. Every moment now human feels insecure from these disasters. So let’s know what disaster management is.
“Disaster” disrupts the normal functioning of society. A large number of people are affected by this. Life and property also suffer extensively due to the disaster. Disasters create difficulties that cause the development of the nation to slip back many years. In a developing country like India, disasters result in loss or damage to life and property, much more than in developed countries.
What is Disaster Management ?
Disaster management is a system that operates parallel to each other, not just before and after the disaster. In this system it can be assumed that, within the calamity-prone community, adequate measures are in place to prevent disaster, reduce its ill effects, retaliate and return to normal living standards.
If the side effects due to human and natural causes reach the peak, and this side effect becomes unbearable for human and nature and starts destroying them, then it starts turning into an outbreak.
When these unbearable incidents start reaching the human settlement and harm to the human community together, it takes the form of disaster. It is a condition which affects the environment and social functions to a great extent. These various natural disasters cannot be foreseen, nor can they be prevented. But their effects can be reduced to a certain extent.
So that physical and human damage can be reduced. This work can be done only when there is competent disaster management support. If disaster management is not supported in this task, then the work cannot go on smoothly.
Floods, landslides, cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis occur frequently in any country of the world.
“Disaster management” is a continuous process to reduce their impact, which requires collective unity and coordinated efforts to succeed.
Types of Disaster Management
There have been many types of crises in India, which is a cause of widespread concern for us, which we understand in 2 categories.
Natural Disasters: Dry Flood Earthquakes are landslides and tsunamis and all events that occur extensively in nature, and have devastating effects. Human beings do not have any kind of hand in these natural phenomena. It is very difficult to predict these natural phenomena.
Man-made disasters: When humans tamper with nature for their own selfishness, and those effects are disastrous for nature. The origin of disasters is also related to human actions. Some human activities are directly responsible for these disasters.
The line of these crises is very long, and at some of these points we have illuminated the bottom.
1.Disasters that occur suddenly – earthquakes, tsunami waves, volcanoes, explosions, landslides, flood cyclones, avalanches, cloud eruptions etc.
2.Disaster that slowly manifests – drought, hail, infectious diseases, etc.
3.Epidemic – Water / manure based diseases, infectious diseases, etc.
4.Industrial accidents – fire, explosion, chemical leakage etc.
Written by Fmovies